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Palm oil

Palm oil comes from the oil palm or Elaeis guineensis. The oil is extracted from palm fruits. The palm fruits are orange/red and about 5 centimeters. They are together with hundreds in a dense, to a 25-pound heavy truss. An oil palm supplies about 3.6 tonnes fruit per hectare. This corresponds with 4000 liters of oil. The yield per hectare of palm oil is significantly higher than other oil crops such as rapeseed oil and sunflower oil, palm oil is therefore usually much cheaper than other vegetable oils. An oil palm can provide fruit the whole year, for 30 years.

Palm oil is refined or fractionated (filtered) so that different products are created, like:

Palm 37

This is the palm oil is in its natural form. At room temperature (20°C) is the largest portion of the oil solidified. Sonneveld uses this oil as a filler for pastes. It is not possible to form a paste with only palm 37. Such a paste is very hard at 10°C and at 37°C, almost completely melted. That’s why there is always a combination made with other oils and fats.


Palm stearine

By filtering the palm 37 at a given temperature the solidified crystals will be separated from the still-liquid oil. These solidified crystals form the hard phase of the palm oil and are mentioned as palm stearine. Palm stearine is also above the 37°C still fixed and can therefore be used to give a paste a "body" at higher storage temperatures.

Palm olein

The liquid fraction of palm oil, is the olein fraction. Palm olein is a very important oil for Sonneveld. This oil is in solution mainly used against carbonisation of baking tins. Unfortunately, palm olein still contains a few percent hard fraction. This causes that the oil at temperatures below 10°C is determined. That is why with release agents, mixtures from palm olein with, for example, rapeseed oil or sunflower oil are used.

Sustainability

The building of palm oil plantations in countries like Malaysia and Indonesia leads to deforestation and pollution of the environment. The estimated annual deforestation for palm oil plantations is estimated at almost 15 million hectares. Because the demand for palm oil will double the next 15 years, it is absolutely necessary to cultivate sustainable oil.

That’s why Sonneveld is a member of the: ‘Roundtable on Responsible Palm Oil’ (RPSO). RSPO is a global organisation that stimulates the use of sustainable palm oil and pays attention to the social conditions.
BRC Halal Kosher RSPO Skal

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